World Heritage Day 2020: theme, significance, history


World Heritage Day 2020: theme, significance, history
World Heritage Day 2020: theme, significance, history

A World Heritage Site is a landmark or area selected by UNESCO for having cultural, historical, scientific significance. These sites are protected by international treaties.

World Heritage Day also known as the International Day for Monuments and Sites is observed annually on April 18. The significance of the day is to promote cultural heritage through activities undertaken by the International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS). ICOMOS works closely with the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisations (UNESCO) for the conservation and protection of cultural heritage sites, it also helps UNESCO on World Heritage Sites.

A World Heritage Site is a landmark or area selected by UNESCO for having cultural, historical, scientific significance. These sites are protected by international treaties. According to UNESCO, a grand total of 1121 sites are listed across worldwide of which 869 are cultural, 213 are natural and 39 are a mixture

The aim of organizing the World Heritage Day is to preserve the human heritage and appreciate the efforts of all organizations that work for the preservation of this heritage. The first World Heritage Day was organised by the ICOMOS in 1982 but it only got approved by the UN General Assembly in the following year.

As the coronavirus pandemic is sweeping the globe, ICOMOS has decided that the theme for this year’s World Heritage Day would be “Shared Culture, Shared Heritage and Shared Responsibility.” ICOMOS aims at emphasising the importance of sharing of knowledge between generation through this theme. The theme for the previous year’s celebration was “Rural Landscapes”.

List of Natural World Heritage Sites
Sl. No. Name of Natural World Heritage Site State Year of Notification Area (In Km2)
1 Kaziranga National Park Assam 1985 429.96
2 Keoladeo Ghana National Park Rajasthan 1985 28.73
3 Manas Wildlife Sanctuary Assam 1985 391.00
4 Nanda Devi National Park and Valley of Flowers Uttarakhand 1982
2005
630.00
87.50
5 Sunderbans National Park West Bengal 1984 1,330.10
6 Western Ghats Maharashtra,
Goa,
Karnataka,
Tamil Nadu and
Kerala
2012 1,60,000.00
7 Great Himalayan National Park Himachal Pradesh 2014 905.4
List of Cultural World Heritage Sites.
Sl. No. Name of Cultural World Heritage Site State Year of Notification
1 Agra Fort Uttar Pradesh 1983
2 Ajanta Caves Maharashtra 1983
3 Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi Madhya Pradesh 1989
4 Champaner-Pavagadh Archaeological Park Gujarat 2004
5 Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (Formerly Victoria Terminus) Maharashtra 2004
6 Churches and Convents of Goa Goa 1986
7 Elephanta Caves Maharashtra 1987
8 Ellora Caves Maharashtra 1983
9 Fatehpur Sikri Uttar Pradesh 1986
10 Great Living Chola Temples Tamil Nadu 1987
11 Group of Monuments at Hampi Karnataka 1986
12 Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram Tamil Nadu 1984
13 Group of Monuments at Pattadakal Karnataka 1987
14 Hill Forts of Rajasthan Rajasthan (Chittorgarh, Kumbhalgarh, Ranthambhore, Amber Sub-Cluster, Jaisalmer, Gagron) 2013
15 Humayun’s Tomb, Delhi Delhi 1993
16 Khajuraho Group of Monuments Madhya Pradesh 1986
17 Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya Bihar 2002
18 Mountain Railways of India Tamil Nadu 1999
19 Qutb Minar and its Monuments, Delhi Delhi 1993
20 Rani-Ki-Van (the Queen’s Stepwell) at Patan, Gujarat Gujarat 2014
21 Red Fort Complex Delhi 2007
22 Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka Madhya Pradesh 2003
23 Sun Temple, Konarak Orissa 1984
24 Taj Mahal Uttar Pradesh 1983
25 The Jantar Mantar, Jaipur Rajasthan 2010
26 Archaeological Site of Nalanda Mahavihara (Nalanda University) at Nalanda Bihar 2016
2728.

29.

The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern MovementHistoric City of Ahmadabad

Mumbai’s victorian art deco ensembles

ChandigarhGujarat

Mumbai

20162017

2018

30. Jaipur City Rajasthan 2019

List of Mixed World Heritage Sites in India

Sl. No. Name of Mixed World Heritage Site State Year of Notification
1 Khangchendzonga National Park Sikkim 2016

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